Scheda della costellazione Poppa (Puppis - Pup)

Il nome, la storia, il mito

raffigurazione dela Poppa

La costellazione della Poppa, insieme a quelle della Carena, della Vela e della Bussola, deriva dallo smembramento operato da Nicholas de La Caille nel secolo XVIII ai danni dell'antica costellazione della Nave Argo, famosa per aver portato Giasone ed i suoi Argonauti sulla Colchide per conquistare il Vello d'Oro. Risulta la parte più vasta delle quattro (cinque se contiamo anche Malus, l' "Albero Maestro"), nonché la più settentrionale della nave, l'unica osservabile nell' emisfero boreale. Per il mito ad essa collegato rimandiamo alla costellazione della Carena.

Osservazione

mappa stellare

La costellazione si trova interamente nell'emisfero australe ma è visibile bassa sui nostri orizzonti durante la stagione invernale, sotto Sirio del Cane Maggiore.
E' possibile vedere tutta la costellazione da latitudini inferiori ai 39°, mentre da latitudini superiori si riesce ad avere soltanto una visibilità parziale. Nel 1942 la Poppa ha ospitato una nova.

I corpi celesti

Dal punto di vista stellare non si tratta di una delle costellazioni più brillanti, anche se ben dodici stelle stanno sotto la quarta magnitudine. Manca la stella alpha (proprio per la redistribuzione della originaria nomenclatura della Nave Argo), e la più luminosa è Zeta Puppis con magnitudine 2,3 e famosa per essere tra le più calde stelle conosciute, con 30.000 Kelvin superficiali. Rho è una stella variabili di 0,2 magnitudini in un periodo di 3 ore e 23 minuti.
Dal punto di vista non stellare, invece, la costellazione contiene ben tre oggetti del Catalogo di Messier: M46, M47 e M93, tutti ammassi aperti.
Oltre a questi sono presenti anche un altro ammasso aperto degno di nota, NGC 2477, ed una nebulosa planetaria, NGC 2438.

Nome proprio HR HD SAO DM FK5 ADS Link
HR 2157HD 41700SAO 217702DM CD-45 2300 FK5 231
HR 2158HD 41742SAO 217706DM CD-45 2302
HR 2162HD 41824SAO 217708DM CD-48 2124
HR 2178HD 42168SAO 217724DM CD-45 2317
HR 2187HD 42448SAO 217735DM CD-44 2452
HR 2204HD 42683SAO 217747DM CD-49 2084
HR 2211HD 42834SAO 217758DM CD-45 2349 FK5 2472
HR 2281HD 44362SAO 234442DM CD-50 2169
HR 2290HD 44594SAO 217861DM CD-48 2259 FK5 2486
HR 2348HD 45572SAO 217922DM CD-48 2308
HR 2384HD 46273SAO 234539DM CD-50 2241
HR 2451HD 47670SAO 218071DM CD-43 2576 FK5 252
HR 2465HD 48087SAO 197064DM CD-38 2817
HR 2475HD 48383SAO 218126DM CD-40 2625
HR 2476HD 48403SAO 218124DM CD-47 2521
HR 2482HD 48543SAO 197108DM CD-38 2844
HR 2488HD 48797SAO 197134DM CD-39 2798 FK5 2519
HR 2507HD 49319SAO 197192DM CD-39 2831
HR 2510HD 49336SAO 197195DM CD-37 3065
HR 2518HD 49591SAO 197215DM CD-37 3080 FK5 1178
HR 2546HD 50196SAO 218236DM CD-45 2773
HR 2549HD 50235SAO 197277DM CD-34 3140
HR 2553HD 50310SAO 234735DM CD-50 2415 FK5 263
HR 2558HD 50445SAO 197291DM CD-36 3189
HR 2563HD 50621SAO 218261DM CD-48 2556
HR 2575HD 50785SAO 218272DM CD-42 2793
HR 2579HD 50860SAO 218278DM CD-43 2756
HR 2591HD 51208SAO 218296DM CD-42 2818 FK5 2534
HR 2594HD 51266SAO 234774DM CD-50 2458
HR 2604HD 51682SAO 197388DM CD-35 3225
HR 2608HD 51799SAO 218324DM CD-48 2601
HR 2612HD 51825SAO 197402DM CD-35 3233
HR 2619HD 52092SAO 197427DM CD-33 3389 FK5 2541
HR 2626HD 52362SAO 218360DM CD-45 2850
HR 2641HD 52703SAO 197475DM CD-33 3415
HR 2658HD 53253SAO 218396DM CD-43 2882
HR 2666HD 53704SAO 218424DM CD-42 2929 FK5 1184
HR 2667HD 53705SAO 218421DM CD-43 2906
HR 2668HD 53706SAO 218423DM CD-43 2907
HR 2672HD 53811SAO 218427DM CD-49 2587
HR 2677HD 53952SAO 197557DM CD-34 3327
HR 2685HD 54153SAO 197572DM CD-38 3163
HR 2687HD 54179SAO 234907DM CD-50 2561
HR 2691HD 54475SAO 218465DM CD-40 2930
HR 2702HD 54893SAO 197632DM CD-39 3105 FK5 2551
HR 2719HD 55526SAO 218514DM CD-48 2765 FK5 2554
HR 2726HD 55718SAO 197694DM CD-36 3421
HR 2727HD 55719SAO 218525DM CD-40 2987
HR 2740HD 55892SAO 218537DM CD-46 2977 FK5 275
HR 2746HD 56022SAO 218546DM CD-44 3223
HR 2748HD 56096SAO 218549DM CD-44 3227
HR 2759HD 56410SAO 218568DM CD-41 2906
HR 2761HD 56455SAO 218570DM CD-46 3000
HR 2762HD 56456SAO 218567DM CD-48 2807
HR 2769HD 56733SAO 197785DM CD-38 3288
HR 2770HD 56779SAO 197790DM CD-36 3485
HR 2771HD 56813SAO 218589DM CD-46 3023
HR 2773HD 56855SAO 197795DM CD-36 3489 FK5 278
HR 2787HD 57150SAO 197824DM CD-36 3512
HR 2789HD 57197SAO 218618DM CD-43 3093
HR 2790HD 57219SAO 197837DM CD-36 3519
HR 2791HD 57240SAO 197836DM CD-38 3309
HR 2794HD 57299SAO 197842DM CD-33 3696 FK5 2566
HR 2829HD 58420SAO 197951DM CD-35 3569
HR 2842HD 58634SAO 197974DM CD-37 3549
HR 2843HD 58635SAO 197975DM CD-37 3549
HR 2856HD 59026SAO 198000DM CD-33 3813
HR 2860HD 59136SAO 173778DM BD-22 1878
HR 2863HD 59256SAO 173799DM CD-28 4383
HR 2868HD 59438SAO 152943DM BD-14 1925 ADS 6126
HR 2869HD 59466SAO 198031DM CD-37 3601
HR 2870HD 59499SAO 198038DM CD-31 4590
HR 2871HD 59500SAO 198039DM CD-31 4590
HR 2873HD 59550SAO 198042DM CD-31 4593
HR 2874HD 59612SAO 173864DM BD-22 1897
HR 2875HD 59635SAO 198045DM CD-38 3400 FK5 2580
HR 2878HD 59717SAO 218755DM CD-43 3260 FK5 1194
HR 2881HD 59890SAO 198064DM CD-30 4620
HR 2882HD 59967SAO 198069DM CD-37 3637
HR 2885HD 60098SAO 198086DM CD-35 3650
HR 2889HD 60168SAO 198093DM CD-35 3652
HR 2895HD 60312SAO 198104DM CD-35 3659
HR 2897HD 60325SAO 153061DM BD-14 1966
HR 2899HD 60341SAO 153062DM BD-19 1944
HR 2900HD 60345SAO 173987DM CD-24 5566
HR 2902HD 60414SAO 153072DM BD-14 1971
HR 2906HD 60532SAO 174009DM BD-21 2007 FK5 288
HR 2907HD 60559SAO 198120DM CD-39 3398
HR 2908HD 60574SAO 218792DM CD-42 3325
HR 2909HD 60584SAO 174019DM CD-23 5709 ADS 6190
HR 2910HD 60585SAO 174020DM CD-23 5709 ADS 6190
HR 2911HD 60606SAO 198130DM CD-36 3715
HR 2912HD 60629SAO 174028DM CD-25 4719
HR 2913HD 60646SAO 198138DM CD-33 3926
HR 2916HD 60666SAO 174033DM CD-26 4574
HR 2917HD 60686SAO 198137DM CD-39 3407
HR 2921HD 60855SAO 153118DM BD-14 1999 ADS 6208
HR 2922HD 60863SAO 174058DM CD-28 4566 ADS 6205
HR 2923HD 60951SAO 174092DM BD-21 2030
HR 2928HD 61068SAO 153149DM BD-19 1967 FK5 1197
HR 2932HD 61224SAO 153172DM BD-14 2053
HR 2933HD 61227SAO 174141DM CD-23 5791
HR 2937HD 61330SAO 198195DM CD-34 3755 FK5 290
HR 2940HD 61391SAO 218841DM CD-48 3069 FK5 2591
HR 2942HD 61409SAO 198205DM CD-34 3760
HR 2945HD 61453SAO 198210DM CD-37 3736
HR 2947HD 61554SAO 153195DM BD-18 1946
HR 2952HD 61623SAO 198226DM CD-39 3463
HR 2955HD 61642SAO 198229DM CD-38 3521
HR 2956HD 61672SAO 174219DM CD-26 4722
HR 2957HD 61715SAO 218852DM CD-48 3091
HR 2959HD 61772SAO 153227DM BD-14 2082
HR 2960HD 61774SAO 153225DM BD-19 2003 ADS 6273
HR 2961HD 61831SAO 198253DM CD-38 3531
HR 2963HD 61878SAO 198265DM CD-37 3767
HR 2964HD 61899SAO 198268DM CD-37 3768
HR 2968HD 61925SAO 198273DM CD-37 3770
HR 2972HD 61987SAO 174273DM CD-27 4393
HR 2974HD 62058SAO 198286DM CD-31 4910
HR 2976HD 62082SAO 174298DM BD-21 2077
HR 2981HD 62226SAO 198298DM CD-38 3556
HR 2984HD 62318SAO 218905DM CD-44 3655
HR 2986HD 62376SAO 198315DM CD-38 3564
HR 2988HD 62412SAO 174356DM CD-26 4824
HR 2992HD 62555SAO 174395DM CD-25 4966
HR 2993HD 62576SAO 174391DM CD-28 4767 ADS 6324
HR 2994HD 62578SAO 198343DM CD-35 3809
HR 2995HD 62595SAO 198342DM CD-38 3583
HR 2998HD 62644SAO 218923DM CD-44 3675
HR 3001HD 62712SAO 198352DM CD-37 3820
HR 3004HD 62747SAO 174433DM CD-24 5885
HR 3005HD 62756SAO 218928DM CD-49 3014
HR 3007HD 62781SAO 198366DM CD-35 3825
HR 3009HD 62863SAO 153362DM BD-14 2193 ADS 6348
HR 3010HD 62864SAO 153363DM BD-14 2194 ADS 6348
HR 3011HD 62893SAO 198379DM CD-37 3841
HR 3015HD 62952SAO 153372DM BD-14 2199 FK5 1202
HR 3016HD 62991SAO 198390DM CD-37 3861
HR 3018HD 63077SAO 198404DM CD-33 4113
HR 3019HD 63112SAO 153389DM BD-12 2135
HR 3020HD 63118SAO 218955DM CD-43 3534
HR 3022HD 63215SAO 198416DM CD-37 3886
HR 3023HD 63271SAO 174533DM BD-22 2027
HR 3025HD 63308SAO 198424DM CD-39 3587
HR 3026HD 63302SAO 153404DM BD-15 2049
HR 3027HD 63323SAO 153409DM BD-15 2052
HR 3029HD 63336SAO 153414DM BD-11 2106 ADS 6381
HR 3032HD 63401SAO 198435DM CD-39 3595
HR 3034HD 63462SAO 174558DM CD-25 5081 ADS 6384
HR 3035HD 63465SAO 198442DM CD-38 3650
HR 3037HD 63578SAO 219000DM CD-46 3435 FK5 1203
HR 3041HD 63640SAO 219006DM CD-40 3490
HR 3042HD 63655SAO 153449DM BD-12 2164
HR 3043HD 63660SAO 174592DM CD-24 6022
HR 3044HD 63697SAO 153454DM BD-16 2146 FK5 2607
HR 3046HD 63744SAO 219018DM CD-46 3451
HR 3048HD 63754SAO 174617DM BD-19 2085 ADS 6398
HR 3049HD 63786SAO 198480DM CD-34 3970
HR 3051HD 63822SAO 153468DM BD-19 2089
HR 3052HD 63852SAO 198487DM CD-32 4451 FK5 2608
HR 3055HD 63922SAO 219035DM CD-46 3458
HR 3057HD 63948SAO 219040DM CD-44 3762
HR 3058HD 63949SAO 219034DM CD-46 3460
HR 3060HD 64042SAO 174658DM CD-24 6060 ADS 6414
HR 3063HD 64077SAO 153499DM BD-12 2179
HR 3064HD 64096SAO 153500DM BD-13 2267 ADS 6420
HR 3068HD 64152SAO 174679DM BD-20 2235
HR 3069HD 64181SAO 219059DM CD-44 3780
HR 3071HD 64225SAO 235552DM CD-50 3004
HR 3073HD 64238SAO 153520DM BD-14 2250
HR 3074HD 64287SAO 219069DM CD-42 3601
HR 3078HD 64365SAO 219076DM CD-42 3610
HR 3079HD 64379SAO 198540DM CD-34 4036
HR 3085HD 64572SAO 198553DM CD-36 3989
HR 3089HD 64740SAO 219106DM CD-49 3137
HR 3091HD 64802SAO 198575DM CD-35 4002
HR 3092HD 64876SAO 198579DM CD-34 4091
HR 3096HD 64974SAO 198591DM CD-30 5275
HR 3099HD 65183SAO 198609DM CD-29 5189
HR 3101HD 65211SAO 219157DM CD-43 3737
HR 3107HD 65315SAO 219169DM CD-40 3655
HR 3111HD 65442SAO 219186DM CD-42 3717
HR 3114HD 65460SAO 219189DM CD-43 3758
HR 3116HD 65551SAO 219197DM CD-43 3766 FK5 2616
HR 3118HD 65598SAO 219200DM CD-47 3457
HR 3121HD 65685SAO 219218DM CD-45 3611
HR 3123HD 65699SAO 174932DM BD-22 2104
HR 3129HD 65818SAO 219226DM CD-48 3349
HR 3131HD 65810SAO 153687DM BD-18 2118 FK5 1212
HR 3137HD 65904SAO 219240DM CD-44 3920
HR 3140HD 65925SAO 198668DM CD-38 3908
HR 3142HD 66005SAO 219249DM CD-49 3243
HR 3143HD 66006SAO 219250DM CD-49 3244
HR 3146HD 66190SAO 219280DM CD-45 3662
HR 3148HD 66210SAO 219283DM CD-48 3384
HR 3151HD 66255SAO 219292DM CD-48 3388
HR 3154HD 66358SAO 198714DM CD-36 4116
HR 3155HD 66435SAO 198725DM CD-36 4120
HR 3160HD 66598SAO 198743DM CD-32 4766
HR 3162HD 66624SAO 219339DM CD-40 3776
HR 3166HD 66812SAO 219355DM CD-42 3832
HR 3168HD 66834SAO 153796DM BD-19 2228
HR 3170HD 66888SAO 198764DM CD-32 4796
HR 3177HD 67243SAO 198791DM CD-33 4525
HR 3183HD 67456SAO 175206DM BD-20 2395
HR 3190HD 67751SAO 175250DM BD-19 2262
HR 3192HD 67797SAO 153890DM BD-18 2190 FK5 2632
HR 3194HD 67880SAO 153898DM BD-15 2280 ADS 6632
HR 3195HD 67888SAO 198848DM CD-37 4288 FK5 2631
HR 3196HD 67921SAO 198854DM CD-29 5620
HR 3199HD 67977SAO 198859DM CD-35 4256
HR 3202HD 68146SAO 153924DM BD-13 2420 FK5 2637
HR 3205HD 68242SAO 219507DM CD-42 3944
HR 3211HD 68290SAO 153942DM BD-12 2385 ADS 6647
HR 3219HD 68450SAO 198898DM CD-36 4291
HR 3225HD 68553SAO 198908DM CD-39 4084
HR 3226HD 68601SAO 219569DM CD-42 3979
HR 3229HD 68752SAO 153993DM BD-15 2324 FK5 311
HR 3230HD 68758SAO 175390DM CD-29 5738
HR 3233HD 68862SAO 198942DM CD-37 4394
HR 3237HD 68980SAO 198957DM CD-35 4349
HR 3238HD 69002SAO 198960DM CD-33 4705
HR 3239HD 69080SAO 198972DM CD-31 5742 FK5 2644
HR 3240HD 69081SAO 198969DM CD-35 4358
HR 3241HD 69082SAO 198970DM CD-35 4360
HR 3242HD 69123SAO 198979DM CD-35 4365
HR 3243HD 69142SAO 219635DM CD-39 4128
HR 3251HD 69445SAO 199010DM CD-30 5946
HR 3253HD 69511SAO 199015DM CD-35 4401
HR 3255HD 69589SAO 175497DM BD-20 2467
HR 3257HD 69665SAO 154076DM BD-15 2362
HR 3259HD 69830SAO 154093DM BD-12 2449
HR 3261HD 69879SAO 175543DM CD-29 5897
HR 3266HD 70002SAO 199061DM CD-35 4452
HR 3267HD 70003SAO 199059DM CD-36 4443
HR 3270HD 70060SAO 199070DM CD-36 4449 FK5 313
HR 3273HD 70235SAO 199084DM CD-34 4627
HR 3276HD 70302SAO 175634DM BD-22 2233
HR 3279HD 70442SAO 154150DM BD-19 2369 FK5 2647
HR 3281HD 70523SAO 154159DM BD-17 2464
HR 3282HD 70555SAO 199118DM CD-32 5185 FK5 1219
HR 3283HD 70556SAO 199119DM CD-36 4513
HR 3286HD 70612SAO 199123DM CD-39 4245 FK5 2648
HR 3289HD 70673SAO 154177DM BD-12 2490
HR 3291HD 70761SAO 175709DM CD-25 5988 ADS 6782
HR 3296HD 70946SAO 199166DM CD-37 4638
HR 3308HD 71141SAO 175777DM BD-22 2262
HR 3315HD 71176SAO 175783DM CD-23 7277 FK5 1221ADS 6800
HR 3316HD 71196SAO 175792DM BD-20 2522
HR 3317HD 71231SAO 154240DM BD-16 2442
HR 3320HD 71267SAO 154244DM BD-14 2517 FK5 2657
HR 3322HD 71302SAO 219890DM CD-42 4219
HR 3324HD 71377SAO 154257DM BD-12 2524
HR 3326HD 71459SAO 219910DM CD-41 4119
HR 3327HD 71487SAO 199222DM CD-38 4462
HR 3328HD 71488SAO 199224DM CD-38 4462
HR 3331HD 71523SAO 175851DM CD-28 6048
HR 3335HD 71581SAO 175870DM BD-20 2538
1763.HR 2996HD 62623SAO 174400DM CD-28 4774 FK5 2601
2881 have also been variously designated as k, k1, k2 or k3 Pup.HR 2948HD 61555SAO 174198DM CD-26 4707 ADS 6255
a Puppis, often misnamed alpha.HR 3080HD 64440SAO 219082DM CD-40 3579 FK5 301
also called Pi in Argelander, is the currently accepted star of this designation.HR 2944HD 61429SAO 174175DM CD-25 4828 ADS 6246
area).HR 3113HD 65456SAO 198636DM CD-29 5236 FK5 1210
Azmidiske; Asmidiske, a name more properly applied to HR 3699 according to Allen.HR 3045HD 63700SAO 174601DM CD-24 6030 FK5 1204ADS 6393
Becvar calls this Y Pup; Lacaille called it V Pup, but it is neither of the variables now known as either V or Y.HR 2462HD 47973SAO 218093DM CD-48 2417
Called b Pup in Argelander and most modern catalogues. Was originally called a Pup by Lacaille (1763).HR 3084HD 64503SAO 198545DM CD-38 3769
Called c Pup in Argelander, Norton and most modern catalogues, this was originally called b Pup by Lacaille (1763).HR 3017HD 63032SAO 198398DM CD-37 3863 FK5 2605
Called e in Lacaille, BAC. However, Bayer and Argelander called HR 3102 e; 3102 later changed to j Pup.HR 2954HD 61641SAO 198237DM CD-36 3773
Called Iota Pup in Argelander's atlas, and in Bayer.HR 3185HD 67523SAO 175217DM CD-23 6828 FK5 308
Called W by Lacaille (1763), but it is not the variable now named W Pup.HR 3002HD 62713SAO 218932DM CD-40 3377 FK5 2603
Called X Pup by Lacaille, but is not the variable now known as X.HR 2548HD 50223SAO 218235DM CD-46 2703 FK5 2529
Early catalogues (Lacaille 1763) called this star R but it is not the var. now named R Pup. Re-named J Pup.HR 3090HD 64760SAO 219111DM CD-47 3396
Frequently designated as k2 Pup, or Kappa2.HR 2949HD 61556SAO 174199DM CD-26 4707 ADS 6255
Naos; Suhail Hadar.HR 3165HD 66811SAO 198752DM CD-39 3939 FK5 306
See HR 2954.HR 3102HD 65228SAO 174852DM BD-22 2087 FK5 2615
NGC UGC M PK IC Arp Altri nomi Link
IC 500
IC 2206
IC 2311
IC 2367
IC 2375
IC 2377
IC 2379
NGC 2200
NGC 2201
NGC 2220
NGC 2298GCL 11
NGC 2310
NGC 2328
NGC 2396
NGC 2401
NGC 2409
NGC 2413
NGC 2414
NGC 2421
NGC 2422M 47
NGC 2423
NGC 2425
NGC 2427
NGC 2428
NGC 2430
NGC 2432
NGC 2437M 46
NGC 2438PK 231+4.2
NGC 2439
NGC 2440PK 234+2.1
NGC 2447M 93
NGC 2448
NGC 2451
NGC 2452PK 243-1.1
NGC 2453
NGC 2455
NGC 2467
NGC 2477C71
NGC 2478NGC 2422
NGC 2479
NGC 2482
NGC 2483
NGC 2489
NGC 2501
NGC 2509
NGC 2517
NGC 2520NGC 2527
NGC 2525
NGC 2527NGC 2520
NGC 2533
NGC 2539
NGC 2542
NGC 2546
NGC 2559
NGC 2564
NGC 2566
NGC 2567
NGC 2568
NGC 2571
NGC 2578
NGC 2579
NGC 2580
NGC 2587
NGC 2588